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HTML5 History and Development

HTML5 History and DevelopmentHTML5 continues to be the hottest buzzword around the web. You might not know very well what HTML5 exactly represents, but if you love Google’s doodles or perhaps Pandora’s internet radio stations, probably you have experienced its wonder features.

We won’t travel as far back as the beginning. In this article we will give a brief history of HTML5 instead. Wonder how does HTML5 become so popular? Continue reading the history and development of HTML5 bellow.

HTML is born Hyper Text Markup Language by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. Tim Berners-Lee intended to deliver the features of ENQUIRE, a private hyperlinked DB as an open, distributed application that could work across the Internet. In September 1994, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). W3C comprised various companies that were willing to create standards and recommendations to improve the quality of the Web with no patent and no royalties due.

In 2004, the WHATWG was born. WHATWG is short for Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group, an unofficial collaboration of Web browser manufacturers and interested parties who wish to develop new HTML technologies. Apple, the Mozilla Foundation, and Opera Software are the key members of WHATWG to sets out to develop HTML5.

In October 2006, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) decides to stop working on XHTML and begins collaborating with WHATWG to evolve HTML as a technology.

The first version of HTML5 came in 2008. This HTML5 draft was written by Ian Hickson. Since then, changes have never stopped. HTML experts claim that HTML5 is a continually evolving technology that will never end. In the same year, Firfox 5 became the first web browser to support HTML5.

In 2010, YouTube offered HTML5 video player. Later in April 2010, Steve Jobs wrote in an open letter explained why Flash will never be allowed on Apple’s smart devices like iPhone, iPad, etc. This letter triggered many companies to begin pursuing HTML5. In may, Scribd documents switched to HTML5. In December, Chrome opened its web store in HTML5.

In March 2011, Disney bought HTML5 gaming start-up named “Rocket Pack”, a Helsinki-based HTML5 gaming engine start-up. In July 2011, Pandora radio began moving to HTML5 audio player. In August, Amazon created a new web-based HTML5 version of the Kindle eBook reader app. This HTML5 version app allows users to access their content offline directly from web browsers. In the same month, Twitter rolled out new HTML5 version for iPad. In November, Adobe stopped Flash development for mobile and began focusing on HTML5 tool development for mobile devices.

In April 2012, Flickr released a new HTML5 uploader for large files uploading. Also in April, Socusoft released its first HTML5 video software, HTML5 video player. In June, LinkedIn made a native app for iPad which was based on HTML5 technology.

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